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1177 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by janepark@creativecommons.org 1177 days ago
11. Christina Hendricks : I may or may not be able to join in, depending on how much work I get done before then! So I don't want to take up a spot just in case I can't make it. If there's room, give me an invite and I'll join if I can.
  1. Introductions
  1. name, location, profession, interest in this course or SOO
  1. name one barrier you have overcome through using an open resource, tool, or process
  1. Rebecca Kahn - Open Coalition
  1. What is the Open Coalition?
  1. What is your background? What led you to become part of the Open Coalition?
  1. Where are yours and the Open Coalition's efforts at now? How can we get involved?
  1. Questions for Bekka?
  1. Jane Park - School of Open
  1. What is the School of Open?
  1. Background, leading to SOO
  1. SOO's today; how can others get involved?
  1. Questions for Jane?
  1. "Benefits and issues" discussion
  1. What are some issues with openness? How can we address these issues, eg. what needs to be done?
  1. What are some benefits that are not widely known that we should promote more? What are some possible benefits that we have not explored? 
  1. Add your agenda item here... 
1182 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Penny Bentley 1182 days ago
Why open? What are the benefits to openness, in various fields/activities?
Penny B As a secondary teacher
> Currency of information for teachers
> Opportunities for creative expression via remixing Open Educational Resources
> Improving quality of OER through sharing & remixing
> Sharing resources saves time...why reinvent the wheel?
> Sharing an improving pedagogical ideas
> The joy of acquiring serendipidous knowledge...and so much more
1188 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Christina Hendricks 1188 days ago
We will use this pad to collaborate on some documents and for signing up for Google Hangouts. We'll let you know when you need to visit here!
Christina H
Collaborative Documents:
1197 days ago
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Unfiled. Edited by Anna Skowron 1197 days ago
1227 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Christina Hendricks 1227 days ago
Christina H Survey results on openness (2013)
As we were designing this course, we asked a few  people to let us know what "open" means to them. Their respnses are copied below. We received 30 responses to the survey.
You can also find the same data in a Google Spreadsheet  here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0AoYdoYRECznndEJIYXNTQWlmNVc5aG4zWlM2bk5fdGc&usp=sharing  
Here's another version of the same spreadsheet that might be easier to read: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/pub?key=0AoYdoYRECznndEJIYXNTQWlmNVc5aG4zWlM2bk5fdGc&output=html  
With the spreadsheet, you can connect people's answers to their professions.
If you want to see a summary of the results of this survey, noting frequency of various answers, you can take a look at this blog post: http://blogs.ubc.ca/chendricks/2013/08/12/results-of-survey-on-meaning-of-open/
1. What does "Open" Mean to you?
  • Open  to me means sharing resources, the ability to remix and free from  copyright restrictions. open source as a philosophy promotes a universal  access from a free license. Open source refers to a program where  source code is available to the general public for use and/or  modification from its original design. It is often a collaborative  effort. 
  • non-exclusivity
  • Open, in traditional terms  means, positively, being open to ideas, experience, evidence, argument,  discussion, persuasion, method and reason.  In a more contemporary way,  it has meant shared, free of copyright, or with a copyright model that  allows sharing, it has meant collaborative and free to modify, and/or  distribute. It has also meant copyright violation. It may mean  attributed, or unattributed. It has also meant unregulated, as in a  totally free and open internet, with all the positives and negatives  that brings. And it has also meant privacy altering, as in the  information wants to be free arguments that have surrounded aspects of  the internet. It has meant adaptable, as in open standards (for plugins,  or for connecting to software platforms, software development kits), it  has meant a hacker ethic, and it has meant that TCP IP protocols were  never copyrighted. It has meant without barriers to entry, in trade,  education, and technology more generally, though this has always been  more aspiration than reality. In my practice, experience, and  background, it has however, generally been accessed, utilised, and  valued, insofar as it has provided free to use tools, typically partaken  of in spirits an ways which neither mirror nor develop the open ethos  in general. 
  • Openness mean saying and doing action with  responsibilities to others. It should not be miss used with the the  slogan 'Do As I Like', but 'Do Others like'. 
  • Open means free,  uses open course material, material that is licensed in Creative Commons  Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA), and all content created is also  Attribution Share Alike, is as universally accessible as possible, open  to anyone anywhere.
  • I think something that is Open is one that  is offered to everyone free (libre / gratis) of any limitations be they  legal, commercial, political, social, and so on. Watch this video by  Richard Stallman, the founder of the GNU movement and designer of the  General Public License for more < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SNBMdDaYhZA
  • Open  means transparency to me. For example, a government which is for the  people and by the people needs to be transparent particularly when  taxpayers money is involved. That could range from providing access to  scientific research to obeying sunshine laws or transparency about  monitoring citizens. 
  • what makes an institution open is how they  manage their finances, the criteria they use to offer bursaries to poor  students and how they select the top students in situation where all  the students passed. its all about accountability of finance and  management and also when recruiting for staff, they should be no bias
  • a)  Readily accessible, easy to access, free, available without  bureaucracy/jumping through hoops. b) Open minds not closed e.g.  willingness to listen and genuinely change plans as a result,  willingness to hear criticism and suggestions without being defensive
  • I  am thinking in terms of my (limited) experience with open in higher ed -  both open educational resources and open learning (in the sense of open  courses). "Open" to me starts with two things: visibility and  persistence. What you do must be visible, with no constraints. And some  part of it must produce artifacts that are persistent - they can be  found over time. I am borrowing "visible and persistent" from work I've  read on the design affordances of social technology systems that make  them different than other technologies. But those two attributes seem to  capture something of the essence of open. But to me open also implies a  philosophy or value system - a belief that having activity out in the  open yields multiple positive benefits and a commitment to continually  work on becoming more accessible and inclusive. The people I know who  continue to experiment with open learning and open resources seem to  have this philosophy as their underlying motivation: society benefits  from sharing ideas and data but there remains a good deal of work to be  done to find ways to put this vision into operation.
  • The current  work I'm involved with takes "open" to mean open licensing for a  variety of materials. And of course, the requirement to be open (via  open licensing) is stronger where there is public funding for the  creation of content. At the same time, openness to me means more than  open licensing. "Open" also means greater public access to information  about, say, what governments are doing--e.g. "openness" meaning  "transparency." In addition, open can also mean "participatory" e.g. the  process for contribution and governance of projects and policies is  open to input and the possibility of equitable decisionmaking.  
  • I  don't think open means anything beyond shared differently to not open  materials. It is a slightly codified form of file transfer, as opposed  to either a piratical or legal form of file transfer. Is open a  philosophy? It'd like to be one.
  • To me, saying a work is 'open'  means that anybody is free to access it, share it, redesign/remix it.  Openness blurs the line between producers and consumers of knowledge and  art. I think openness has sharing at its heart. It isn't only a dry  concept: at the heart of the movement is a community of people who  believe that the flow of ideas should not be hindered by proprietary  concerns or financial motives.
  • In the context of post-secondary  online learning, I would be thinking that "open" refers to any resource  that is open access, preferably free to access.
  • open is when there is access to data and clear understanding of how the data will be used.
  • Openness  is about inviting participation. The goal of openness should be more  people engaging with a practice or a product. The tools of openness--of  increasing participation--are varied: they include legal mechanisms like  licensing, as well as social and technical approaches like  documentation, attribution and sharing resources with appropriate  formats. Rather than focusing on openness as an end in itself, I believe  it's more powerful to describe what increased participation looks like,  as this is to me the ultimate purpose of openness. Take for example  publishing. Rather than setting the goal to be x number of books are  openly licensed, the goal is instead x number of remixes and new works  were created by accessing those open works.
  • Have your own points of view, but accepting the other whatever and however you are different.
  • To me something that is open:
  • is accessible to everyone, without payment or password
  • is reusable by everyone, without permission or payment
  • is designed for access and reuse, it does not require specific propitiatory tools to use or edit
  • is shareable and is shared.
  • is explicit about these qualities, and explains them (or links to an explanation) in easy-to-understand terms.
  • Open  in public (government, education, non-profit, etc...) means accessible  to as many people as possible with no cost (or very little) to the  person accessing the information. Funding is provided by taxes or  donations. (not advertiser supported) This means no gathering of  personal information, but general information is acceptable. It means  the content or procedures are open t be reshared, but not sold, with  little more than acknowledgement to the original creator.  The content  or procedures can be modified to suit individual needs without asking  for specific permission. The remix or new material created should be  reshared in the open with the same conditions.
  • I am answering  within the context of a K-8 setting and developing the idea of having  all participants at the school becoming more "open" in terms of their  thinking, acting and learning.  I believe that communication and mindset  are key to being "open".  Taking risks and knowing where to begin via  social media are also key, in my opinion, as you need to be able to  access a variety of thoughts from educated individuals globally to gain a  better understanding and develop your skills, talents, and  collaboration needs.  
  • Open, to me, means accessible,  low-/no-cost, and grounded in a spirit of collaboration. What makes a  work, practice, or institution open is its  obvious invitation to  partnerships and the sharing of ideas/information.
  • Open and  closed can be thought of as binary positions, but I think it's more  accurate to see it as a continuum. There are degrees of openness. A  college might be called open if it accepts everyone who applies, but  tuition and the applications process are still hurdles that close it off  to some. Some courses call themselves open but are only open to  registrants, and closed to anyone else. When it comes to open education  or open learning, I think an open-mindedness on the part of course  facilitators is important, so that they're open to learners establishing  their own goals and having a hand in defining their own learning paths  and assessments - open outcomes/open assessment.
  • Something is  open when it is made available for all to see. When something is open it  can be studied, changed, and improved. In this sense open describes the  state or condition of a work, practice, or institution. Open is also a  verb, an action. When we talk of opening up education or science we are  not just referring to creating resources that have a state of openness.  We are talking about the actions, processes, and practices associated  with making something open. Open also describes a potential. A work that  is open has a different potential than one that is closed. Open  educational resources are visible and accessible but they also have an  inherent potential to be improved by harnessing the collective wisdom of  a community.
  • Open to me means as accessible as possible given  the time, circumstance, and opportunity.  It means tools that are open  sourced as the default given the same as above.  Open means  folksonomic.  In other words, again given bounds of reasonableness, I  mean driven by the interests of those inside the learning ecosystem.
  • I  think of the concept of open in the frame of learning to mean low  barriers to sharing and learning, and it means finding paths away from  corporate entities that seem to be infecting the learning spaces (I'm  talking to you, Pearson). Open is a way of thinking of the world as  connected spaces, where people share ideas for the benefit of others not  for the idea of profit. Open is an attitude, too, in which technology  creates pathways instead of stifling those connections.
  • For a  work to be open, it must either be in the public domain or be openly  licensed so anyone may reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the work. A  practice is open if it is publicly documented, seeks continuous  improvement through critique and feedback and is happy to be supplanted  by a more effective practice to reach desired goals / outcomes. An open  institution? Read this excellent blog post by Paul Stacey: http://edtechfrontier.com/2011/01/04/the-university-of-open
  • To  me, open is when people are able to touch or influence an idea or an  object, and add their experience to it. Sometimes to better it, and  build on it and share it with everyone. And sometimes to keep it for  themselves, which is OK, too. Openness involves transparency and  versatility and an absence of barriers, which took on a whole new  meaning when knowledge sharing went digital. Open things are usable by   (although not always useful for) the next person who comes along, and  they are created with that in mind.
  • A work, practice, or  institution is "open" if they share, reflect, solicit, and use  feedback/input on their practices, systems, and structures. In order to  be open I think those actions of sharing should be done in an  intentional way; that avenues are used to create and maintain  openness  and to be open to a diverse audience.
  • For co-ops open membership is one of the basic principles http://ica.coop/en/what-co-op/co-operative-identity-values-principles.  That is to prevent a set of members denying membership to people with  the same economic relationship to the co-op so that they profit from  them. That is one example. More generally open source seems to involve  having everything publicly known and useable. Open Government means  public decision-making. In courts, public trials are meant to prevent  corruption or oppression and arbitrary judgments. Open voting by  legislators makes them accountable. The Open Society and its Enemies by  Karl Popper - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_popper  - contrasted those liberal democratic systems with totalitarian regimes  and his ideas form at least one basis for modern ideas of openness.  Maybe that was one reason for the fall of the Berlin Wall - openness  made scientific development more effective than closed totalitarianis
2. Why do you participate in open culture? Or, why do you think openness is important?
  • The  study of Open education and open textbooks is an exciting one because  it allows the possibility for people to have access to educational  material that they may not otherwise be able to afford it.  It is a new  way of looking at education at all levels and a move away from elitist  academia.
  • path-dependency (both)
  • The tools it has  provided - TCP/IP protocols, and the technologies, pltforms and tools  built on this - email, webchat, video calls, online tools and software,  twitter, social media ec etc etc are hugely important, and almost  unavoidable. Openess in terms of ideas, ideology, experiences and  methods is the key characteristic of a non static and creative practice,  Interfaces of openess have always been at the heart of change,  invention and adaptation. Openness in terms of information exchange  gives me access to huge resources, and the potential for recognition,  career advancement, and an audience.
  • To create freedom, peace,  unity and happiness for humanities beyond race, religions, national and  so called self centered culture with vision to create 'Global Family'  for equal rights, access and dignity for all as mentioned in 'Universal  Human Rights Declaration'
  • Only by sharing can we solve our common porblems and evolve to a higher level of consiciousness
  • Openness  is important because it increases the value of what we have through the  encouragement of sharing. With this, communities are formed and  learning together in groups is promoted which benefits everyone  involved.
  • I believe openness creates a more functional culture.  When allowed to operate without oversight, humans do what all humans do -  they use it as a cover to do what they want to do regardless of the  impact on the community or country. Humans are very good at coming up  with excuses as to why they should be allowed to do whatever they want.  Transparency can limit the damage as well as spur growth in investments  such as scientific research. 
  • openness is important because it helps people around you to know what kind of a person you are and how you value openess
  • Accountability, checks and balances, freedom, challenging authority, preventing abuse, publicising abuse.
  • On  a personal level, I find it intellectually stimulating to work on open  education innovations. But it is really tied to my belief system. I want  to live in a society that doesn't just say it values diversity and  inclusiveness but works at it through actions. I see the open education  movement as one of those critical actions.
  • We are all always  building on the contributions of others when we create something--we  depend on having access to it for progress and for creativity. And when  we limit access to it, or selectively enforce restrictions based on  whether something is threatening our business models, we take away more  from society than we're giving to it. 
  • I think it's the right  thing to do. I want to share to increase the expectation of others to  share too. Openness is important in general because the public should  have access to (and information about how they can use) the resources  they help fund the creation of. Openness can help set up the conditions  for discovery and solving problems down the road, even if I can't see  the direct benefit all the time. This is important too. 
  • Open culture is a bit of a weird term. I share because I believe it to be a good thing. Is sharing innately open? Not so sure. 
  • I  consider open culture to be an evidence. It's both an altruistic motive  and a selfish one that guide me: I want to be able to share with others  what I produce, what I think, what's valuable to me and in return, I  want to be able to dialogue with others around the world who also have  ideas, knowledge and talents to share. I think openness is key to the  advancement of knowledge.
  • Partially for cost-effectiveness, but  also because I think sharing is very important in the context I work in,  for instructional designers, for instructors and for students.  We do  our best work when we can share and work together.
  • Freedom of choice and transparency of activities.
  • I  believe that the ultimate goal of openness is participation. The reason  participation is important is that it's essential to our shared human  endeavors, be they in fields of culture, education, science, politics,  etc. Openness is a set of tools that invite more people to participate,  and I see my role as helping 1) communities build new tools of openness  and 2) inviting new people to discover and use these tools. In this way,  I hope to make a small contribution in empowering more people to  participate in our society.
  • That is a necessity to live in a mutual understanding world.
  • Because the only culture is open culture - anything with meaning has a shared meaning.
  • I  work for the public as an educator. The work I do should be accessible  to the public. I think it helps other educators and becomes a part of  the "commons". 
  • I am a LEARNER and I want to continue to develop  my skills and connections to enhance the opportunity for others.  In  being open I can show the benefits and maybe help others along a path  that maybe never would take to open themselves up to a whole new way of  access and learning that will benefit not only themselves but the  educational field itself.  Students can and should have a voice and they  too need to included in the "open" culture for today's learning.
  • I  participate in open culture to be part of larger conversations and the  possibility of collaborations that might otherwise not be possible.
  • Because  sharing is caring? Participating in the open gets my name out there,  hopefully in a positive sense. It is a way of networking that could open  up opportunities, learning or otherwise. But being a lurker or leech  will only get me so far - having something to say or something to offer  is what makes me a valuable node.
  • Openness maximizes the  potential inherent in things and people. Openness creates an environment  with greater equality, diversity, and  freedom. Openness contributes to  the betterment of the world and in so doing generates positive feelings  toward self and others.
  • Openness is a countervailing force.  It  is using duck-duck-go as your preferred browser because as much as  Google tells us it is not evil, I prefer my own eyes to their lying  press releases.  It is all about being aware and uncomfortable about  Google whole stable of unique tools  while simultaneously active about  searching for alternatives that are workable.  Openness is a value that  keeps the bottom line, the quarterly return and shareholders' interests  in balance.  
  • I participate in a lot of open spaces because I  feel like I have a lot to learn from others and a bit to share from my  own experiences. As a teacher, these spaces validate my own desire to  connect beyond my classroom, and to be part of something larger than  myself, my school, my own community (although those physical spaces keep  me grounded).
  • I think openness is important because: (a) we  live in a global, networked society and the free flow of information,  knowledge and content is critical for all individuals to have a fair  chance at contributing through work and culture - which leads to more  stable and happier societies; (b) efficient use of limited resources  increases access and equality for more people (to education, data,  science, etc.): as such - publicly funded resources should be openly  licensed resources; and (c) there are always more smart people outside  your institution / town / country than there are within - so it's  important we share local knowledge globally and re-purpose global ideas  and works locally.
  • Open means I get to borrow from our  collective knowledge and share my own, too. It doesn't take long for  people to understand how generous and altruistic open culture is, and  that they're participating in something much bigger than themselves. I  got hooked by open culture after working with other people in the  community who are some of the most talented and interesting people  around.
  • I think openness is important in order to reflect and  grow, to allow various thoughts and perspectives to influence your work.  I participate to hear and see other perspectives and others' work in  order to learn and to improve my own, as well as to contribute whatever I  can to the work of other people. 
  • It represents a collective  endeavour in opposition to our very individualistic culture. It's also a  serious attempt to spread power and resources more widely. That is a  really important counterbalance to the dominance of the big  multinational corporations and big bureaucracies. It is a way for  ordinary people to rebuild their own resources now that trade unions and  other forms of popular association have waned. It encourages compassion  and solidarity and it's fun. It builds teams and the skills of working  in teams.
3. If possible, and if you would like,  please provide a link to a work, project, or initiative you think  exemplifies your definition of "open". You can provide more than one if  you wish.
  • BC Campus is currently  doing an Open Textbook initiative. Coders work to create Moodle plugins  and assist the learning community. 
  • Links...not so much.  Renaissance Italy, Elizabethan England, email at CERN, the strands of  Linux, Apache web servers, the non patenting of the polio vaccine,  trolling, memes, reverse search phonebooks, open office, hacking and  publishing credit card details, the computer mouse, bit torrent, the  scientific method...
1235 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by janepark@creativecommons.org 1235 days ago
Or maybe we just skip having our own workspace and keep putting our pads on the p2pu workspace? I just tried this to see what it's like. But we can get rid of it easily!
janepark@creativecommons.org -- Or we can just move that pad over here? Doesn't matter where it all sits I think as long as we can access it!
Members (21)
Christina Hendricks Simeon Oriko Gosia Kurek Apostolos Koutropoulos Anna Skowron Rebecca Kahn Penny Bentley Paul-Olivier Dehaye Maha Bali Daniel Lynds Alan Levine Vanessa Vaile Jlee Bernhard Vock Joe J Amy Begnene suraj bohara simeonoriko@gmail.com wiltwhatman@yahoo.com eportfoliokeith@gmail.com

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